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The basics of your Skincare

By Vina Wearing 25th April 2015

Are you overwhelmed by all the choices lotions and creams which all of them promise that will make your skin look so much better? Do you stuggle and get confusion at all the choices in currently available? If you answered yes, then first thing you should know is that you're normal, and most of us feel the same.

The basic you should know About Skin Care

The good news is, our skin main requirements is simple. Washing your face doesn't have to be complicated, and you don't have to spend a lot of money to buy a of products that will simply do the same thing to your skin.

The good skin care regime involves 3 basic steps:

  • Cleansing - Getting rid of dirt and keeping your skin clean is a must
  • Moisturising - Hydrating and replenishing the skin
  •  Using Sunscreen - Protecting the skin from harmful UV rays from the sun

Step 1 - Cleansing

Most of us know that cleansing is an important part of good skincare. The purpose of a cleanser, or soap, is to surround, loosen, and make it easy to remove dirt, germs, excess oils, and left-over makeup and products applied to the skin. Unfortunately, there's also some harmful effects of cleansers on the skin.

You could easily get dry skin from cleansing routines, but for some people, the skin can be normally dry. Often people think that their skin isn't clean unless it feels dry and tight after they wash it. You must have a cleansing routine even if it doesn't look dull to maintain your even complexion.

Types of cleansers to use. First, it is important to understand cleanser options for your skin:

  • Bar Soaps - The most irritating cleansers but the best to get rid of dirt and grime
  • Liquid Cleansers - A wide variety of tolerability - good for cleaning all but not so good if you have the oiliest skin
  • Creamy Cleansers - The mildest cleanser but may not remove oil and dirt as well.

Cleansing Bottom Line

  • You don't have to feel dry to be clean
  • You have good options
  • Use the mildest cleanser possible that still removes dirt and excess oils

Step 2 - Moisturising

Moisturising is an essential step in good skin care. A good moisturiser can stop the dry skin cycle from spiraling into cracked, thick, flaky skin. An effective moisturiser will have a combination of ingredients that:

  • Replenish the skin's natural ingredients that help maintain its structure
  • Cut down on damage from free-radicals
  • Help the cells function more normally

Good Moisturiser Ingredients

In the past, moisturisers were essentially water and wax mixtures that worked by trying to hold water in the skin. The only real difference between these moisturisers was how they "felt" on your skin. Now there is complex science behind the new state-of-the-art moisturisers that are available. Some ingredients that you'll find in a state-of-the-art moisturiser are:

  • Glycerol - Helps water and other moisturiser ingridients penetrate the skin to get where they are needed.
  • Ceramides - Help replenish the skin's natural oils.
  • Hydroxy Acids - Help with exfoliation of dead skin cells
  • Niacinamide - Helps the skin produce more natural oils, and may also help reverse the signs of sun-damaged skin, like brown spots and blotchiness

How to Choose a Moisturiser

Not all skin is the same, and not all moisturisers are the same. Picking out the best moisturiser for your skin depends on what your skin needs. Consider the following skin conditions when choosing a moisturiser:

  • Moisturisers for dry skin
  • Moisturisers for oily skin
  • Moisturisers for normal skin
  • Moisturisers for acne-prone skin
  • Moisturisers for red skin
  • Moisturisers for eczima, atopic dermatitis, or sensitive skin
  • Moisturisers with sunscreen

Moisturiser Bottom Line

Don't settle for your grandmother's old cold cream. Pick a moisturiser with good ingredients for your skin, and enjoy your healthier skin.

Step 3 - Sunscreen

The final step in a good skin care program is using sunscreen, but it's the most forgotten. It's easy to tell if your skin is dirty or dry, requiring a good washing or some added moisture. We can see or feel that our skin needs some extra care. Unfortunately, most of the damage to the skin from UV radiation is beneath the surface and happens so slowly that we don't realize how much damage is being done.

Most people know that exposure to UV radiation can cause sun damage to the skin, including sunburn, photoaging, and increased risk of skin cancer. But did you know this damage also occurs when you walk from your house to your car or sit next to a window during the day? Even those little bits of exposure add up over the years and can cause wrinkles, dark spots and skin cancer.

Sunscreen Decisions

There are several factors to consider when picking out a sunscreen:

  • How sunscreens work
  • Everyday sunscreen vs out-in-the-sun sunscreen
  • Using a sunscreen alone vs sunscreen plus moisturiser
  • Understanding the UV-Index
  • How to be safe in the sun

Sunscreen Bottom Line

You've worked hard to take care of your skin by cleansing and moisturising it. Don't undo all those benefits by exposing it to UV radiation. Find a good broad spectrum sunscreen and make its application a part of your daily routine like brushing your teeth and bathing.

Thank you for taking time to read this. I hope to see you here soon for more news, tips & advice.

Yours, Vina.

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